viernes, 27 de agosto de 2010

"Clauses and phrases showing contrast and exception "

To understand punctuation, it is helpful to understand the difference between a phrase and a clause.

A clause is a collection of words that has a subject that is actively doing a verb. The following are examples of clauses:

Clauses of contrast : although , even if, for all , in spite of , however, much as.

Use while , unlike and in contrast to in order to present contrasting information especially in writting. 
While the typical Italian person thinks school is boring , the typical Japanese person doesn't 
Unlike the Japanese , Italians seem to drink a lot of bottled water.
In contrast to Italian drivers , Japanese people drive on the left. 

Use except (that) , except (for) and except for the fact to show an exception. 

Both like TV, except (that) the typical Japanese person watches more of it. 
Italian and Japanese people are fairly different , except for the age they get married. 
Japanese people typically consume less , except for the fact that they drink more tea.  

While the typical italian finds school boring, the typical japanese doesn't.

Unlike the Japanese, Italian seem to drink a lot of coffee.

Both like TV, except that the typical japanese watches more of it.

In contrast to Italian drivers , Japanese people drive on the left side. 

A phrase is a group of words that does not have a subject and a verb. For example:
in the morning
This phrase tells us when something will happen, but there isn't a subject, a person or a thing, and there isn't a verb describing activity or existence. Here's how to fix it:
I go to school in the morning.
Phrases are very important in English because they provide necessary information, as the examples below (with phrases in blue)

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